Green Supply Chain Implementation: Best Practices and Challenges
In recent years, climate changes such as global warming have been a topic that has
attracted a lot of interest world over. Such changes have necessitated the need to
identify the causes and solutions to these climatic changes. In an effort to mitigate
these changes, legislat ions and environmental requirements have been put forward
by governments and environmental agencies. The demand for environmentally
friendly products has increased over the years and so is the shif ting of loyal ty of
consumers .Also, the ever increasing costs of energy and inputs has forced business
to find new ways to reduce energy use in order to reduce costs.
The supply chain has been ident ified to have a signif icant impact on the natural
environment As a result, businesses are deeply trying to green their supply chain by
introducing green strategies in their organizations and in the supply chain. This has
resulted in a growing need for integrating environmentally thinking into supply
chain management and processes. It is in light of this realization that this paper
tries, through a thorough literature review, to f ind the best practices that can
applied in green supply chain strategies.
For this reason, four best approaches were identified; Aligning the goals of the
green supply chain with the goals of the business, evaluating the supply chain as a
single li fe cycle system, innovation using green supply chain analysis, reducing of
wastage at each supply chain stage. It was also identified that Lack of appropriate
technology in place to support companies and their efforts to go green and the
Trade-off between green requirements and lean pract ices among other factors act as
challenges to green efforts.
Key words; Green Supply Chain, Implementation, Best Practices and Challenges